TALGAT MUSABAYEY (Muslim) ~ Total of 341 days in space
Talgat Amangeldyuly Musabayev (Kazakh: Талғат Аманкелдіұлы Мұсабаев; born January 7, 1951, Kargaly, Kazakhstan), is a Kazakh test pilot and former cosmonaut who flew on three spaceflights. His first two spaceflights were long-duration stays aboard the Russian space station Mir. His third spaceflight was a short duration visiting mission to the International Space Station, which also carried the first paying space tourist Dennis Tito. He retired as a cosmonaut in November 2003. Since 2007 he has been head of Kazakhstan’s National Space Agency, KazCosmos.
Musabayev graduated from Engineering Institute of Civil Aviation in Riga in 1974. Then in 1983 he graduated from Higher Military Aviation School in Akhtubinsk, with a engineering diploma. Musabayev received several awards as an aerobatic flyer and was selected as a cosmonaut on May 11, 1990. In 1991, he was appointed to Major and transferred to the cosmonaut group of Air Force (TsPK-11).
Musabayev was selected to be a cosmonaut on 11 May 1990.
His first spaceflight was as a crew member of the long-duration mission Mir EO-16, which was launched and landed by the spacecraft Soyuz TM-19. Musabayev was designated Flight Engineer; the mission lasted from July 1, 1994 to November 4, 1994, for a total duration of 125 days 22 hours 53 minutes
His second spaceflight was as Commander of another long-duration expedition called Mir EO-25, which was launched by the spacecraft Soyuz TM-27. The mission lasted from January 29, 1998 to 25 August 25, 1998, for a total duration of 207 days 12 hours 49 minutes.
His third mission was as Commander of ISS EP-1, which was a visiting mission to the International Space Station. It was launched by Soyuz TM-32, and was landed by Soyuz TM-31 on May 6, 2001, for a total duration of 7 days 22 hours 4 minutes. This visiting mission was notable for carrying the first ever paying space tourist Dennis Tito.
As of 2007, he was among the top 30 cosmonauts by time in space.
He retired from being a cosmonaut in November 2003. He became deputy head of the Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy and was appointed to Major General in September 2003. From 2005 to 2007 he was General Director of “Bayterek” Corp. which was a Kazakhstani-Russian Joint Venture.
11 April 2007, Musabayev was appointed Head of the National Space Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan, also known as KazCosmos.
He is married and has two children.
Honours and awards
Hero of the Russian Federation (24 November 1994) – for active participation in the preparation and successful implementation of lengthy space flight on the orbital scientific research complex Mir, displaying courage and heroism
People’s Hero of Kazakhstan (1995)
Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
2nd class (28 September 2001) – for their courage and heroism in the implementation of the international space flight
3rd class (25 December 1998) – for their courage and selflessness shown during spaceflight on the orbital scientific research complex Mir
Order Otan (1998)
Order Barys (Leopard), 1st class (2002)
Medal “For Merit in Space Exploration” (April 12, 2011) – for outstanding contribution to the development of international cooperation in manned space flight
Medal “Astana” (1999)
Order of Friendship of Peoples (10 October 1991) – for active participation in preparation for space flight on the orbital scientific research complex Mir, a great contribution to strengthening mutual understanding, friendship and trust between the peoples of the Soviet Union and the Republic of Austria
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation (1994)
Pilot-Cosmonaut of Kazakhstan (1995)
Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (Austria, 1991)
Officer of the Legion of Honour (France, October 2010) – for services to the exploration of space and, in particular, that the large space program in France during the second 208-day space flight in 1998, and effective strategic partnership with France at the head of Kazkosmos
NASA Space Flight Medal (United States, 1998)